Shakira attends the 2014 Billboard Music Awards

Shakira attends the 2014 Billboard Music Awards at the MGM Grand Garden Arena on May 18, 2014 in Las Vegas.

Isaac Brekken/Billboard Music Awards 2014/Getty Images

On Aug. 18, U.S. District Court Judge Alvin Hallerstein dismissed a 2012 lawsuit filed by indie publisher Mayimba Music against two Sony/ATV Latin music publishing divisions. The suit alleged Shakira’s 2010 hit “Loca,” which reached No. 32 on the Billboard Hot 100, and the tune that inspired it, Dominican singer El Cata’s “Loca Con Su Tiguere,” were illegal copies of a song (that bore the same title as El Cata’s) written by Ramon “Arias” Vasquez and allegedly recorded onto a cassette tape in 1998. In August 2014, that tape had prompted Hallerstein to rule in favor of Mayimba, but as this timeline shows, new evidence led the judge to reverse his decision.

JUNE 2014

Sound technician Juan Pablo West Smith testifies that he helped produce a 1998 cassette recording using a computer program called Fruity Loops, which, he claims, he had downloaded from the Internet in the first eight months of 1997.

AUGUST 2014

Based in part on the cassette, Hallerstein finds Vasquez's and Smith's testimony "credible" and rules that El Cata's and Shakira's songs are unlawful copies of Vasquez's tune. Since Sony/ATV had distributed both songs, the company is liable.

SEPTEMBER 2014

Dominican musician DJ Japones identifies the person on the cassette cover as Jhoan Gabriel Gonzalez, who was 9 years old in 1998. Japones also says that songs on the tape were recorded by his group, The New Collection, in 2008, not 1998.

NOVEMBER 2014

Wilson Rood, a private investigator for Sony/ATV's counsel, locates Gonzalez -- who testified the cover photo was taken in 2011 -- and a second member of The New Collection who backed Japones. Fruity Loops says the program wasn't available in 1997.

DECEMBER 2014

Sony attorneys at Loeb & Loeb file a motion to vacate the court's ruling, based on the new evidence.

APRIL 2015

The court suspends judgment against Sony and orders a new evidentiary hearing.

AUGUST 2015

In light of the new testimony, Judge Hallerstein orders the case against Sony/ATV dismissed, writing, "I find that the tape was not created in 1998 ... and that therefore Mayimba does not possess a valid copyright."

 

 

This article first appeared in the Aug. 29 issue of Billboard.