His spooky 1968 debut Gris-Gris combined rhythm ’n blues with psychedelic rock and startled listeners with its sinister implications of other-worldly magic. Dr. John charted four entries on the Billboard Hot 100 songs chart, including one top 10 hit: "Right Place Wrong Time," which hit No. 9 in 1973. He claimed eight albums on the Billboard 200 chart during his lifetime, including a pair of top 40-charting sets: In the Right Place (No. 24 in 1973) and Locked Down (No. 33 in 2012). The latter set also hit No. 1 on the Blues Albums tally. Dr. John also scored two No. 1s on the Traditional Jazz Albums chart (In a Sentimental Mood in 1989 and Goin' Back to New Orleans in 1992) and a No. 1 on the Contemporary Jazz Albums chart (Ske-Dat-De-Dat: The Spirit of Satch in 2014). He also collaborated with numerous top-tier rockers, won multiple Grammy awards and was inducted into the Rock & Roll Hall of Fame.
A white man who found a home among black New Orleans musicians, he first entered the music scene when he accompanied his father, who ran a record shop and also fixed the P.A. systems at New Orleans bars.
As a teenager in the 1950s, he played guitar and keyboards in a string of bands and made the legendary studio of Cosimo Matassa his second home, Rebennack said in his 1994 memoir, Under a Hoodoo Moon. He got into music full-time after dropping out of high school, became acquainted with drugs and petty crime and lived a fast-paced life. His gigs ranged from strip clubs to auditoriums, roadhouses and chicken shacks. The ring finger of Rebennack’s left hand was blown off in a shooting incident in 1961 in Jacksonville, Florida.
He blamed Jim Garrison, the JFK conspiracy theorist and a tough-on-crime New Orleans district attorney, for driving him out of his beloved city in the early 1960s. Garrison went after prostitutes, bars and all-night music venues.
The underworld sweep put Rebennack in prison. At that time, he was a respected session musician who had played on classic recordings by R&B mainstays like Professor Longhair and Irma Thomas, but he was also a heroin addict. After his release from federal prison in Fort Worth, Texas, at age 24, Rebennack joined friend and mentor Harold Battiste who had left New Orleans to make music in Los Angeles.
Rebennack, who’d long had a fascination with occult mysticism and voodoo, told Battiste about creating a musical personality out of Dr. John, a male version of Marie Laveau, the voodoo queen.
In his memoir, Rebennack said, he drew inspiration from New Orleans folklore about a root doctor who flourished in the mid-1800s.
Battiste, in a 2005 interview, recalled, “It was really done sort of tongue-in-cheek.”
But Dr. John was born and Rebennack got his first personal recordings done in what became Gris-Gris, a 1967 classic of underground American music.
In the years that followed, he played with the Grateful Dead, appeared with The Band in director Martin Scorsese’s The Last Waltz documentary, jammed on The Rolling Stones’ Exile on Main Street album and collaborated with countless others -- among them Earl King, Van Morrison and James Booker.
"It’s with the deepest of sympathy that we acknowledge the passing of the Legendary Dr John," said Peter Himberger and Ed Gerrard of Impact Artist Management, who managed Dr. John from 1994-2015, in a statement. "We managed Mac for 20 years and celebrated his many accomplishments including Grammy’s, Rock n Roll Hall of Fame Induction, performance’s at the White House, Super Bowl, numerous sessions with some of Rock n Roll elite. Every day was different, some more interesting then others. He was one of a kind and like his lyric to his song Big Shot, 'It never was, never gonna be, ANOTHER big shot like me.' RIP to the NITE TRIPPER himself the GREAT MALCOLM REBENNACK !!!!!"