Here are five previous female milestones in this category that paved the way for this year’s breakthrough:
First woman to receive a best direction nomination: Mary Lambert, in 1985, the second year of the awards, for directing Chris Isaak’s “Dancin.’” Note: This is a different Mary Lambert than the woman who co-wrote and was featured on Macklemore & Ryan Lewis’ “Same Love.”
First woman to win in this category: Valerie Faris, in tandem with her husband and directing partner Jonathan Dayton, for The Smashing Pumpkins’ “Tonight, Tonight” (1996). The team won again four years later for Red Hot Chili Peppers’ “Californication.”
First woman to be nominated for directing one of her own videos: Elliott, for “Work It” (2003) which she co-directed with Meyers. (The team was nominated again two years later for the aforementioned “Lose Control.”)
First woman to win for directing one of her own videos: Erykah Badu for co-directing her 2008 clip “Honey” with Mr. Roboto (Chris Robinson).
First woman to win in this category on her own (with no co-director): Melina Matsoukas, for Beyoncé’s “Formation” (2016).
Faris is also the woman with the most nominations in this category—five, all with Dayton (and occasionally other partners too). In addition to their two winners, their nominees were The Smashing Pumpkins’ “The End Is the Beginning Is The End” (1997), Korn’s “Freak on a Leash” (1999) and Red Hot Chili Peppers’ “By the Way” (2002).
Three women are tied for the most nominations on their own (two each)—Matsoukas, Sigismondi and Davis. In addition to “Formation,” Matsoukas was nominated for directing Bey’s “Pretty Hurts” (2014). In addition to “Blue Orchid,” Sigismondi was nominated for directing the Katy Perry/Kanye West collab “E.T.” (2011). Davis’ two nominations in this category are mentioned above.
Five women have received one nomination in this category on their own: Sophie Muller, who directed Eurythmics’ “You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart” (1988), Karena Evans, who directed Drake’s “God’s Plan” (2018), and the aforementioned Lambert, Eilish and Swift.
Four other women have been nominated for co-directing: Paula Greif, for co-directing Steve Winwood’s “Higher Love” (1987) with Peter Kagan; Candace Reckinger, for co-directing Paula Abdul’s “Opposites Attract” (1990) with Michael Patterson; Christina Aguilera, for co-directing “Candyman” (2007) with Matthew Rolston; and Adria Petty, for co-directing the Coldplay/Rihanna collab “Princess of China” (2012) with Alan Biddy.
This is a much more vibrant outlook for female directors than at the Oscars, where two women have never been nominated for best director in the same year—and only five women have ever been nominated. Those women are: Lina Wertmüller for Seven Beauties (1976), Jane Campion for The Piano (1993), Sofia Coppola for Lost in Translation (2003), Kathryn Bigelow for The Hurt Locker (2009) and Greta Gerwig for Lady Bird (2017). Bigelow won the award.