Friday's (June 22) Google Doodle celebrates Octavia E. Butler, African-American science fiction writer and female pioneer of the genre. Today would've been Butler's 71 birthday; she died in 2006 at age 58.
As a black female writer, Butler made waves in science fiction by bringing a diverse cast of characters to her stories, while tackling complicated issues facing humanity. In 1984 she received notoriety by winning a Hugo Award for her post-apocalyptic short story "Speech Sounds," and again for the novel Bloodchild in 1985. In the '90s, Butler was presented with the prestigious MacArthur Foundation "Genius Grant," which made her a fellow.