Rolling Stones No. 1 on List of Top 25 Live Artists Since 1990

The Rolling Stones perform
Neil Lupin/Redferns via Getty Images

Ronnie Wood, Charlie Watts, Mick Jagger and Keith Richards of The Rolling Stones perform at day 2 of British Summer Time Hyde Park presented by Barclaycard at Hyde Park on July 6, 2013 in London, England. 

They began steamrolling their way through arenas four decades ago, creating the live business as it is known today. And they've never stopped.

More than a dozen of the most in-demand headlining tours this summer testify to a refusal to burn out or fade away, including The Rolling Stones, Paul McCartney, Fleetwood Mac, Kiss/Def Leppard, Journey/Steve Miller Band, Billy Joel, Tom Petty, Elton John, The Eagles, Aerosmith, Motley Crue/Alice Cooper, Cher and Prince.

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For nearly 25 years, acts that first broke in the 1970s or early '80s have dominated the Billboard Boxscore year-end charts. The list of the 25 highest-grossing touring artists from 1990 through 2014 (see next page) includes just three acts that released their first albums in the '90s - Dave Matthews Band and Toby Keith (both of whom released debut albums in 1993), and Kenny Chesney (who debuted in 1994). Only one act that broke through in this century makes the list: Coldplay (which released its first album in 2000). Among the top 10 earners since 1990, the average age of vocalists - upon whom touring takes the hardest toll - is 56-and-a-half, and not one is younger than 46.

Biology alone dictates that at some point these touring stalwarts will relinquish their stranglehold, and the question of which acts will replace them has been posed for some 20 years. The industry, though, doesn't seem too worried about the changing of the guard.

That's because live business is developing artists capable of maintaining long-term box-office clout. A decade of headlining success is a telling barometer, and 2013's top 25 tours included Pink, Beyoncé, Chesney, Jay Z/Justin Timberlake and Maroon 5. All have been in the game more than 10 years but not more than 20.

Perhaps most important is the wealth of new blood rising up to arena level, artists that entered the headlining ranks relatively recently and are now making big noise on the road. Seven acts were in that category among the top 25 in 2013, more than double that of the previous year: Rihanna, Taylor Swift, One Direction, Justin Bieber, Jason Aldean, Lady Gaga and Bruno Mars. This year, Miley Cyrus and Luke Bryan seem poised to enter that group.

With those younger artists come younger fans, the key to the live business sustaining its current boom in coming years. "The younger generation is loving going to concerts," says Rob Light, managing partner at Creative Artists Agency. "To play pop sociologist for a second, when you think of all of these kids when they are 10 to 15 going to see everyone from Miley to One Direction to Justin Bieber to Taylor Swift - what a positive experience they had. These were great shows. And those kids are now concertgoers. They had fun. So we've created a great generation of kids that like to see music in a live setting."

Meanwhile, the old guys aren't ready to pass the baton just yet. The road offers lucrative income when other revenue streams dry up, and the sweat equity they earned through relentless touring when they were young hitmakers continues to pay dividends at the box office, as original fans (many now blessed with sizable discretionary income) return again and again and new generations turn out to hear classic songs.

When 2014 closes, veterans will again dominate the numbers, and that's unlikely to change in the near future. If the Stones are any indication, U2 - preparing its next world tour in 2015 - has some 20 years of future viability.

"Mick Jagger is always going to be the role model," Jon Bon Jovi, 52, told Billboard in a recent interview. Bon Jovi is more than 30 years into his touring career and had 2013's highest-­grossing tour. "Until [Jagger] hangs up the retirement number, I don't know where the end zone is," he says. "I just keep running the ball until Jagger says, 'Here's the goal line.' "

Many believe the current Stones tour will be their last, although the band has never stated such. But given that 15 of the top 25 touring acts since 1990 feature artists who are now over 60, a similar tracking of the top touring acts 20 years on will doubtless look vastly different.

Still, what these touring pioneers have accomplished decades past their youth is nothing short of remarkable. The Stones alone have grossed more than $1.5 billion on the road since 1990, a period that began some 25 years after they first hit the airwaves. Bruce Springsteen and his bandmates have churned almost $1.2 billion since 1990; U2, Madonna and Bon Jovi all topped the $1 billion mark in box office for the period; Elton John and Billy Joel have as well, both combined individually and as a dual bill. Most importantly, these acts and their contemporaries have built an enduring touring industry, and they have shown the artists that have come behind them and the audiences that follow them the power of live music. 

See the full list of top live artists on the next page

Top Live Artists From 1990-2014

1. The Rolling Stones

Gross: $1,565,792,382

Attendance: 19,677,569

Shows: 538

2. U2

Gross: $1,514,979,793

Attendance: 20,536,168

Shows: 526

3. Bruce Springsteen

Gross: $1,196,116,507

Attendance: 15,010,773

Shows: 727

4. Madonna

Gross: $1,140,230,941

Attendance: 9,694,079

Shows: 382

5. Bon Jovi

Gross: $1,030,082,884

Attendance: 12,333,668

Shows: 578

6. Elton John*

Gross: $786,791,043

Attendance: 12,164,513

Shows: 956

7. Dave Matthews Band

Gross: $776,969,736

Attendance: 17,823,077

Shows: 992

8. Celine Dion

Gross: $737,573,927

Attendance: 6,546,109

Shows: 1,143

9. Kenny Chesney

Gross: $752,706,599

Attendance: 12,681,629

Shows: 755

10. The Eagles

Gross: $702,110,908

Attendance: 7,720,760

Shows: 484

11. The Police/Sting

Gross: $556,114,962

Attendance: 7,257,611

Shows: 605

12. Roger Waters

Gross: $547,305,412

Attendance: 5,474,759

Shows: 316

13. Paul McCartney

Gross: $505,534,809

Attendance: 5,248,175

Shows: 220

14. Billy Joel*

Gross: $499,978,726

Attendance: 10,408,169

Shows: 577

15. Rod Stewart

Gross: $497,033,399

Attendance: 7,885,676

Shows: 714

16. Neil Diamond

Gross: $465,448,371

Attendance: 8,870,666

Shows: 643

17. Metallica

Gross: $432,816,245

Attendance: 8,388,374

Shows: 468

18. Aerosmith

Gross: $417,573,638

Attendance: 8,405,069

Shows: 582

19. George Strait

Gross: $405,034,063

Attendance: 9,736,580

Shows: 584

20. Jimmy Buffett

Gross: $402,756,057

Attendance: 9,746,471

Shows: 539

21. Coldplay

Gross: $378,359,252

Attendance: 5,394,616

Shows: 315

22. Toby Keith

Gross: $361,256,245

Attendance: 8,608,696

Shows: 711

23. Cher

Gross: $351,625,611

Attendance: 4,531,739

Shows: 548

24. Fleetwood Mac/Stevie Nicks

Gross: $349,906,931

Attendance: 4,906,995

Shows: 483

25. AC/DC

Gross: $337,879,092

Attendance: 5,387,353

Shows: 316

*Includes co-headlining tours

Source: Billboard Boxscore