Last Poets Member, 'Grandfather of Rap' Jalal Mansur Nuriddin Dies at 74

David Corio/Redferns
Jalal Mansur Nuriddin of the Last Poets is photographed during an interview at Celluloid Records in London on Sept. 12, 1984.

The man known as the "Grandfather of Rap," The Last Poets member Jalal Mansur Nuriddin, died on Monday (June 4) at age 74 of undisclosed causes. "It is with extreme sadness and a heavy heart that the family of Jalal Nuriddin announce the passing of this great pioneer of the recording industry," read a statement from the Last Poets. "A member of the Last Poets, and also known as ‘The Grandfather of Rap’, Jalal slipped quietly away this evening into the arms of Allah. The family asks that you respect their privacy at this time."

Nuriddin was a key member of the collective of artists, musicians and poets who emerged from the Harlem Writer's Workshop in the late 1960s and whose work often focused on Black Nationalism. Originally founded in May 1968 in East Harlem by Felipe Luciano, David Nelson and Gylan Kain, the group merged music and spoken word and had several iterations, including a second version led by Nuriddin, Umar Bin Hassan, Abiodun Oyewole, Sulaiman El-Hadi, and drummer Nilaja that debuted in 1969. The group was named for a poem by late South African poet Keorapetse Kgositsile, the father of Earl Sweatshirt.

The Last Poets' songs and poems fused syncopated rhythms, consciousness-raising sung/spoken lyrics about revolution, poverty, street violence, the devastating toll of drugs, political corruption and social ills, into a unique style that laid a blueprint for hip-hop. Before DJ Kool Herc began throwing parties and introducing the world to break beats in the early 1970s, The Last Poets set the stage with their landmark 1969 self-titled debut, which featured the songs "Run, N----r," "Black Wish," "New York, New York" and a call to urban families to wake up from their complacency, "When the Revolution Comes"; that album peaked at #29 on the Billboard 200.

Nuriddin (also variously known as Alafia Pudim and Lightnin' Rod), was born in Fort Greene, Brooklyn, on July 24, 1944 and spent time in the U.S. army as a paratrooper before focusing on music. Through more than half a dozen albums, a book and an appearance in the Tupac Shakur/Janet Jackson movie Poetic Justice, Nuriddin kept the Last Poets flame burning while developing his unique style of spoken word poetry (spoetry) he called "Spoagraphics." His work can be heard on albums including This is Madness (1971), Chastisement (1972), At Last (1973), Hustlers Convention (1973 -- a solo album credited to Lightnin' Rod that has been widely sampled and used as an influence by everyone from the Wu-Tang Clan to the Beastie Boys -- Delights of the Garden (1977) and Oh My People (1985).

Though his commercial prospects began to dim as the years went on, Nuriddin's influence only grew larger over the decades, culminating in British director Mike Todd's low-budget Hustlers Convention documentary in 2015, which featured interviews with George Clinton, Melle Mel, Fab 5 Freddie, KRS-One, Ice-T and Public Enemy's Chuck D. “If you were 14-years-old and trying to understand the streets, it was sort of like a verbal Bible,” D says in the film when speaking about the album, which featured backing from then-new funk band Kool and the Gang. 

Details about Nuriddin's funeral will be announced soon.