President/CEO, National Music Publishers’ Association
During 2019, the NMPA chief, 51, pushed back against appeals from Spotify, Amazon, Google and Pandora of the Copyright Royalty Board ruling, finalized in February, that will “raise interactive streaming royalty rates 44% over the next five years,” he says. Following the passage of the Music Modernization Act in 2018, the NMPA also helped establish the Mechanical Licensing Collective to track, collect and distribute mechanical licenses from streaming services in the United States. Says Israelite, “We’re now on pace to open the MLC on time” — in January 2021 — “and change the global music business forever.”
Chief executive, IFPI
Moore has been a fierce opponent of the “value gap,” described by IFPI as the mismatch between the value that user-upload services (notably YouTube) gain from music and the revenue returned to rights holders. She led the global recorded-music trade association’s fight to pass the European Union Copyright Directive in March. If fully implemented by individual EU members, the directive would provide the framework for music to be “valued fairly,” says Moore. “We knew if the industry was going to develop in the digital age, this value gap had to be dealt with.” Other IFPI wins in 2019 include successful copyright infringement actions in Spain, Australia, Denmark, Italy and Russia and shutting down stream-ripping site Convert2MP3 as part of a 2017 lawsuit settlement. According to IFPI, last year alone the site had 684 million visitors.
Contributors: Justino Águila, Rich Appel, Steve Baltin, Alexei Barrionuevo, Jeff Benjamin, Karen Bliss, Dave Brooks, Dean Budnick, Judy Cantor-Navas, Britina Cheng, Ed Christman, Tatiana Cirisano, Leila Cobo, Jonathan Cohen, Danica Daniel, Frank DiGiacomo, Camille Dodero, Chris Eggertsen, Suzette Fernandez, Adrienne Gaffney, Bianca Gracie, Gary Graff, Sarah Grant, Hannah Karp, Gil Kaufman, Steve Knopper, Juliana Koranteng, Katy Kroll, Carl Lamarre, Rob LeDonne, Robert Levine, Joe Levy, Geoff Mayfield, David Menconi, Taylor Mims, Gail Mitchell, Melinda Newman, Cathy Applefeld Olson, Paula Parisi, Chris Payne, Glenn Peoples, Alex Pham, Brian Reesman, Claudia Rosenbaum, Dan Rys, Micah Singleton, Richard Smirke, Taylor Weatherby, Deborah Wilker, Nick Williams, Xander Zellner.
Methodology: Billboard editors weighed a variety of factors in determining the 2020 Billboard Power List, including, but not limited to, nominations by peers, colleagues and superiors, and impact on consumer behavior as measured by chart, sales and streaming performance, social media impressions and radio/TV audiences reached, using data available as of Dec. 2, 2019. (Nielsen Music/MRC Data information in profiles is updated as of Jan. 9.) Year-end Billboard charts for 2019, career trajectory and industry impact were also considered, as were financial results when available. Where required, U.S. record-label market share was consulted using Nielsen Music’s current market share for albums plus track-equivalent and streaming-equivalent album-consumption units, and Billboard’s quarterly top 10 publisher rankings. Unless otherwise noted, Billboard Boxscore and Nielsen Music are the sources for tour grosses and sales/streaming data, respectively. Nielsen is also the source for radio audience metrics. Unless otherwise noted, album streaming figures cited represent collective U.S. on-demand audio totals for an album’s tracks, and song/artist streaming figures represent U.S. on-demand audio and video totals.
This article originally appeared in the Jan. 25, 2020 issue of Billboard.