The average Canadian musician makes only $16,500 ($16,000 US) per year from their craft and is largely against free file sharing, according to a survey of 700 musicians conducted by Pollara, a Toronto-based research firm.

The survey was released as part of a new report on the Canadian music sector conducted by Dr. Douglas Hyatt of the Rotman School of Business in Toronto. The survey found that with retail sales of music declining, Canadian musicians typically make around $25,000 ($24,555 US), but pay $8,300 in expenses.

A vast majority the survey respondents said they have to work at one or more extra jobs other than songwriting and/or performing, earning just under $21,000 on average from supplementary employment, while 44% said they are now reliant on their secondary jobs to support themselves. The study said there were no "superstars" among respondents.

The report and research from Pollara also found that around 71% of musicians viewed file sharing as either a major of minor threat, while only 15% did not view it as an issue. The report added that 67% of those polled felt that owners of copyrighted artistic works should have complete control over its use, while only 1% said they should have very little control.

"For the first time, we know definitively that most artists -- the people on the front lines of the music industry -- view file sharing as a threat," said Duncan McKie, president of the Canadian Independent Record Production Association.

"This, along with their strongly expressed wish for control over the use of copyrighted works," he continued, "is not surprising given the financial challenges they face."

The Hyatt study also found that major label sales of $538 million ($528 million US) paled in comparison to revenue from live musical performances, which was estimated at $752.8 million in 2005 ($738 million US). The study found that earnings by Canadian music publishers totaled $103 million ($101 million US) in 2004, while Canadian radio posted revenue of $1.3 billion ($1.27 million).