Deerhunter were formed in 2001 by Cox and drummer and keyboardist Moses Archuleta; guitarists Colin Mee and Lockett Pundt and bassist Josh Fauver completed the lineup over the following years. Deerhunter signed with the local Atlanta indie Stickfigure Records for their 2005 debut: nominally untitled, the album is also known as "Turn It Up, Faggot" (a phrase that doesn't appear on the sleeve), an insult that Cox claimed was often thrown at the band during its gigs. Deerhunter then signed to the higher-profile indie Kranky (Godspeed You! Black Emperor, etc.) for their second album, Cryptograms, as well as the EP Fluorescent Grey. Mee left Deerhunter and was replaced by former cheerleader Whitney Petty. The band recorded its third album, Microcastle, at New York City's Rare Book Room studio; the album was released digitally two months before it arrived on CD in fall 2008; like Fluorescent Grey, it found Brad Cox and company moving in a more pop-oriented direction.
Deerhunter toured extensively on the indie festival circuit, but took a break in 2010 to record their fourth album, Halcyon Digest, in their homebase of Athens, Georgia. Fauver left Deerhunter before they began recording their fifth full-length, but new bassist Josh McKay and additional guitarist Frankie Broyles joined the fold in January 2013 for the recording sessions, which resulted in that May's Monomania, which had a much rougher, looser sound than the band had exhibited in some time. ~ Stewart Mason, Rovi