Black metal outfit Watain emerged from Uppsala, Sweden, in 1998, quickly gaining underground credibility with an uncompromising 7" release entitled "The Essence of Black Purity," then solidifying their commitment to the dark metal arts via 2000s thematically shocking (i.e. frequent odes to Satan and his pals), but instrumentally accomplished, Rabid Death's Curse album. This has since been followed by incrementally lauded but always reliably extreme releases such as 2000s Ritual Macabre live album, 2001's "The Misanthropic Ceremonies" split single with Diabolicum, 2003's Casus Luciferi LP, and 2007's Sworn to the Dark album. And, bucking underground metal tradition somewhat, Watain's lineup has remained consistently stable throughout these many years and releases, featuring vocalist/bassist Erik Danielsson (also known as the editor of Hellish Massacre 'zine and the artist behind Cold Seed Creations), guitarists P. Forsberg and Set Teitan, bassist Tore Stjerna (a sometime producer and owner of Necromorbus Studio), and drummer H. Jonsson. ~ Eduardo Rivadavia, Rovi