Buffalo Springfield bassist Bruce Palmer died earlier this month of a heart attack in Bellville, Ontario. He was 58.

Buffalo Springfield bassist Bruce Palmer died earlier this month of a heart attack in Bellville, Ontario. He was 58.

The artist began playing music at age 10 and was a member of several Toronto-based bands as a teenager. He also played in the Mynah Birds with a young Rick James, which would eventually include fellow Canadian Neil Young. Mynah Birds auditioned for Motown Records but split when James left the band.

Palmer went on to co-found Buffalo Springfield in April 1966 in Toronto with Young, Stephen Stills, Dewey Martin and Richie Furay. Over just 19 months in 1967 and '68, the group established itself as a folk/country/rock pioneer, producing the transcendent political anthem "For What It's Worth" along the way.

Palmer exited Buffalo Springfield in January 1968, replaced by Jim Messina, but the band was finished shortly thereafter. He went on to release a 1971 solo album for Verve, "The Cycle is Complete," featuring James on percussion.

In 1982, Palmer reteamed with Young to play on the album "Trans," and paired with Martin a few years later to form Buffalo Springfield Revisited. The group's legacy was celebrated on the 2001 88-track Rhino retrospective "Box Set."

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