1994 – Nine Inch Nails releases “The Downward Spiral.”

1993 – Bandleader Billy Eckstein dies in Pittsburgh of complications from a stroke. He is 78.

1979 – Tom Chaplin of Keane is born in East Sussex, England.

1976 – Gaz Coombes (Gareth Michael Coombes) of Supergrass is born in Oxford, England.

1974 – Bad Company gives its debut performance in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England.

1973 – Paul McCartney is fined $240 after pleading guilty to charges of growing marijuana outside his Scottish farm.

1973 – Ronald “Pigpen” McKernan of the Grateful Dead dies of a gastrointestinal hemorrhage at his home in Corte Madera, Calif., at the age of 27.

1971 – Radio Hanoi broadcasts Jimi Hendrix’s “Star Spangled Banner.” The tape is sent by Abbie Hoffman.

1968 – Singer-songwriter Shawn Mullins is born in Atlanta.

1968 – The Fillmore East opens in New York City.

1958 – Singer Gary Numan (Gary Anthony James Webb) is born in London.

1948 – Pop singer Little Peggy March (Margaret Annemarie Battavio) is born in Lansdale, Penn.

1948 – Guitarist Mel Galley of Whitesnake and Trapeze is born in Staffordshire, England.

1947 – Michael Allsup of Three Dog Night is born in Modesto, Calif.

1946 – Randy Meisner of Poco and the Eagles is born in Scottsbluff, Neb.

1945 – Micky Dolenz of the Monkees is born in Los Angeles.